Chapter 11 – Motor Vehicles and Traffic
Article I. General.
Sec. 11-1. Definitions. [back to top]
The following words and phrases when used in this Chapter shall, for the purpose of this Chapter, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this Section:
Abandoned vehicle means any vehicle apparently abandoned by its owner or agent.
Alley means any public way within a block generally giving access to the rear lots or buildings and not used for general traffic circulation.
Arterial street means any U.S. or State numbered route, or other major radial or circumferential street or highway designated as a major arterial system of streets or highways.
Authorized emergency vehicle means police vehicles, vehicles of the Fire Department, ambulances and emergency vehicles of municipal departments or public service corporations as are designated or authorized by proper local authorities.
Bicycle means a vehicle with two (2) tandem wheels, either of which is more than sixteen inches (16") in diameter, with solid or pneumatic tires, having a steering bar or wheel and a saddle seat, and propelled by human power.
Business district means the territory of the Village contiguous to and including a street when, within any six hundred feet (600') along such street, there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the street.
Controlled access highway means every street or highway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and same, except at such points only as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such street or highway.
Crosswalk means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for a pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
Driver means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
Explosive means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.
Farm tractor means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry.
Flammable liquid means any liquid which has a flash point of 70 degrees Fahrenheit or less, as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed cup test device.
Improved highway means a road of concrete, brick, asphalt, macadam or gravel.
Intersection means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two streets which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different streets joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
Laned roadway means a roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
Loading zone means the space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
Merging traffic means a maneuver executed by the drivers of vehicles on converging roadways to permit simultaneous or alternate entry into the junction thereof, wherein the driver of each vehicle involved is required to adjust his vehicular speed and lateral position so as to avoid a collision with any other vehicle.
Metal tire means every tire the surface of which in contact with the street is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
Motorcycle means every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
Motor vehicle means every motor vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
Official traffic control devices means all signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this Chapter placed or erected by authority of the public body or official having jurisdiction for the purposes of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
Overnight parking means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading at any time during the hours of 2:00 a.m. through 5:00 a.m. (Ord. 97-19)
Owner means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle or, in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee, or in the event a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purposes of this Chapter.
Park or parking means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
Pedestrian means any person afoot.
Pneumatic tire means every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.
Police officer means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
Private road or driveway means every way or place in private ownership, used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
Property line means the line marking the boundary between any street and the lots or property abutting thereon.
Public building means a building used by the Village or by any park district, school district, the State or the United States government.
Railroad means a carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails.
Railroad signs or signals means any sign, signal or device erected in accordance with the laws governing same and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
Railroad train means a steam engine, electric or motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetcars.
Residence district means the territory contiguous to and including a street not comprising a business district, when the property on such street for a distance of three hundred feet (300') or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
Right-of-way means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
Road tractor means every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon, either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
Roadway means that portion of a street improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. In the event a street includes two or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" as used in this Chapter shall refer to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively.
Safety zone means the area of space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
Semitrailer means every vehicle, without motive power, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
Sidewalk means that portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
Solid tire means every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.
Stop means when required, means complete cessation from movement.
Stop, stopping or standing when prohibited, means any stopping or standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.
Street or highway means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatsoever nature, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular traffic.
Suburban district means that portion of the Village other than the business and residence districts.
Through street means every street or portion thereof at the entrance to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same, when stop signs are erected, as provided in this Chapter.
Traffic means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street for the purposes of travel.
Traffic control signal means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
Trailer means every vehicle, without motive power, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
Truck means every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
Truck tractor means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.
Urban district means the territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
Vehicle means every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway; except, devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
Yield right-of-way, when required by an official sign, means the act of granting the privilege of the immediate use of the intersecting roadway to traffic within the intersection and to vehicles approaching from the right or left; provided, that when the roadway is clear, the vehicle may proceed into the intersection. (Ord. 62-58, 81-29)
Sec. 11-2. Limitation of Parades to Village Streets. [back to top]
Except as hereinafter provided, no parade or public procession shall occupy, march or proceed along or across any state or county owned street or highway within the Village. All parades and public processions shall only utilize Village owned streets. Notwithstanding the foregoing, state or county owned streets or highways may be utilized for the annual Village-sponsored parade known as the Addison Community Days Parade. (Ord. 96-5)
Sec. 11-2.1. Parade Permits. [back to top]
(A) No parade or public procession is permitted on any portion of the public way of the Village unless a permit allowing such activity has been obtained from the Village Manager.
(B) A person, partnership, voluntary association, or other organization seeking to obtain a parade or public procession permit shall file an application with the Village Manager not less than fourteen (14) days before the date for which the parade or public procession is proposed.
(C) The application for a parade or public procession permit shall contain the following information, which must be updated by the applicant as circumstances change:
(1) The name, address, and telephone number of the person signing the application.
(2) The name, address, and telephone number of the authorized and responsible leaders of the organization conducting the parade or public procession.
(3) The date of the proposed parade or public procession and the hours that it will commence and terminate.
(4) The location of the assembly and disbanding area and the time when the parade or public procession will begin to assemble and disband.
(5) The approximate number of persons to participate in the parade or public procession.
(6) The route along which the parade or public procession will proceed and the lanes of traffic it will occupy.
(D) All applications for a permit filed hereunder shall be processed on a first-in-time basis. Any conflict between or among two or more such applications filed for the same day or for overlapping routes shall be resolved on a first-in-time basis.
(E) The Village Manager shall investigate the facts set out in the application and shall issue a permit when he finds that:
(1) The proposed activity will not substantially or unnecessarily interfere with traffic in the area contiguous to the route.
(2) There are available at the time of the parade or public procession a sufficient number of peace officers to police and protect lawful participants in the activity.
(3) The concentration of persons, animals, vehicles or things at the assembly and disbanding areas and along the parade or public procession route will not prevent proper fire and police protection or ambulance service.
(4) The event is not being conducted for an unlawful purpose.
(F) A nonrefundable application fee of $10.00 shall be submitted with each such application.
(G) The applicant shall be responsible for any loss, damage or injury sustained by any person during the assembly, conduct or disbanding of the parade or procession, and the applicant shall indemnify and hold the Village harmless from any claim for damages or injury arising from or relating to the parade or procession. (Ord. 96-5)
Sec. 11-3. Obstruction to Driver's View; Interference with Driving Mechanism. [back to top]
(A) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded or when there are in the front seat such number of persons, exceeding three, as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of the vehicle or so as to interfere with the driver's control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
(B) No passenger in a vehicle shall ride in such a position as to interfere with the driver's view ahead or as to the sides, or to interfere with his control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-4. Boarding or Alighting from Vehicle in Motion. [back to top]
No person shall board or alight from any vehicle while such vehicle is in motion. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-5. Riders of Bicycles, Roller Skates, etc., Clinging to Moving Vehicles. [back to top]
No person riding upon any bicycle, motorcycle, coaster, sled, roller skates or any toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any moving vehicle upon any street or roadway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-6. Riding on Portion of Vehicle Not Intended for Passengers. [back to top]
No person shall ride on any vehicle upon any portion thereof not designed or intended for the use of passengers. This provision shall not apply to any employee engaged in the necessary discharge of a duty, or to persons riding within truck bodies in space intended for merchandise. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-7. Play Streets and Zones of Quiet. [back to top]
The public service committee shall have authority to declare any street or part thereof a play street and shall cause to be placed appropriate signs or devices in the street indicating and helping to protect the same.
The public service committee shall also have authority to establish zones of quiet in streets adjacent to hospitals whenever, in their judgment, such quiet zones are necessary for the welfare of inmates of such hospitals, and shall cause to be placed appropriate signs designating such zones as zones of quiet. Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon any such street or portion thereof, except drivers having business or whose residences are within such closed area. Any such driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon such street or portion thereof. Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating a zone of quiet, no person operating a motor vehicle within any such zone shall sound the horn or other warning device of such vehicle, except in an emergency. (Ord. 62-58)
Article II. Enforcement and Obedience to Traffic Regulations.
Sec. 11-8. Enforcement of Chapter by Policemen. [back to top]
The members of the Police Department are hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this Chapter. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-9. Authority of Police to Direct Traffic Generally; Assistance of Policemen by Firemen. [back to top]
Officers of the Police Department are authorized to direct all traffic, by voice, hand or signal, in conformance with the provisions of this Chapter; provided, that in the event of a fire or other emergency or to expedite traffic or to safeguard pedestrians, officers of the Police Department may direct traffic as conditions may require, notwithstanding the provisions of this Chapter.
Officers of the Fire Department, when at the scene of a fire, may direct or assist the police in directing traffic thereat or in the immediate vicinity. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-10. Obedience to Traffic Regulations Generally. [back to top]
It shall be unlawful and, unless otherwise declared in this Chapter with respect to particular offenses, it is a misdemeanor for any person to do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required in this Chapter. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-11. Obedience to Police. [back to top]
No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any police or other officer invested by law with authority to direct, control or regulate traffic. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-12. Applicability of Chapter to Authorized Emergency Vehicles. [back to top]
The driver of any authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call, upon approaching a red or stop signal at any stop sign, shall slow down as necessary for safety but may proceed cautiously past such red or stop sign or signal. At other times, drivers of authorized emergency vehicles shall stop in obedience to a stop sign or signal.
The prima facie speed limitations set forth in this Chapter shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles when responding to emergency calls and when the drivers thereof sound audible signals by bell, siren or exhaust whistle.
This Section shall not relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the street, nor shall it protect the driver of any such vehicle from the consequence of a reckless disregard for the safety of others. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-13. Applicability of Chapter to Government Owned Vehicles. [back to top]
(A) The provisions of this Chapter applicable to the drivers of vehicles upon the streets shall apply to the drivers of all vehicles owned or operated by the United States, the state, county or village, or any other political subdivision, except as provided in this Section, and subject to such specific exceptions as are set forth in this Chapter with reference to authorized emergency vehicles.
(B) The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply to persons, teams, motor vehicles and other equipment while actually engaged in work upon the surface of the street, but shall apply to such persons and vehicles when traveling to or from such work. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-14. Applicability of Chapter to Persons Riding Bicycles, Animals, etc. [back to top]
Every person riding a bicycle or an animal or driving any animal drawing a vehicle upon a street shall be subject to the provisions of this Chapter applicable to the driver of a vehicle except those provisions of this Chapter which, by their nature, can have no application. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-15. Owners, Employers, etc., Requiring or Permitting Violation of Chapter. [back to top]
It shall be unlawful for the owner or any other person employing or otherwise directing the driver of any vehicle to require or knowingly to permit the operation of such vehicle upon a street or highway in any manner contrary to this Chapter. (Ord. 62-58)
Article III. Operation of Vehicles.
Sec. 11-16. State License Required. [back to top]
No person, except those expressly exempted by 625 ILCS 5/6-102, shall drive any motor vehicle upon a street in the Village, unless such person has a valid license or permit as an operator or chauffeur issued under the authority of the State. Every licensee or permittee shall have his operator's or chauffeur's license or permit in his immediate possession at all times while operating a motor vehicle and, for the purpose of indicating compliance with this requirement, shall display such license or permit if it is in his possession, upon demand made by a sheriff, policemen or other peace officer, when in uniform or displaying a badge or other sign of authority. No person charged with violating this Section, however, shall be convicted if he produces in court or the office of the arresting officer satisfactory evidence that an operator's license or permit had been issued to him and was valid at the time of his arrest. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-17. Proper Side of Highway. [back to top]
(A) Upon all roadways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway, except as follows:
(1) When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction, under the rules governing such movement.
(2) When the right half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair.
(3) Upon a roadway divided into three (3) marked lanes for traffic under the rules applicable to such roadways.
(4) Upon a roadway designated and signposted for one-way traffic.
(5) Whenever there is a single track paved road on one side of the public street and two vehicles meet thereon, in which case the driver on whose right is the wider shoulder shall give the right-of-way on such pavement to the other vehicle.
(B) Upon all roadways, any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane available for traffic, or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-18. Driving with Windshield, etc., Obstructed. [back to top]
(A) No person shall drive any motor vehicle with any sign, poster or other nontransparent material upon the front windshield, sidewings, side or rear window of such vehicle which obstructs the driver's clear view of the street.
(B) No person shall drive any motor vehicle with any object placed or suspended between the driver and the rear window which obstructs the driver's clear view of the highway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-19. Passing Vehicles Proceeding in Opposite Directions. [back to top]
Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions, except as provided in Section 11-17 of this Code, shall pass each other to the right, and upon roadways having width for not more than one line of traffic in each direction, each driver shall give to the other at least one-half of the main-traveled portion of the roadway, as nearly as possible. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-20. Overtaking and Passing--On Left Generally. [back to top]
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations, exceptions and special rules otherwise stated in this Chapter:
(A) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
(B) Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-21. Same--Limitations on Overtaking and Passing on Left. [back to top]
(A) No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction, unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken. In every event, the overtaking vehicle must return to the right-hand side of the roadway before coming within one hundred feet of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction.
(B) No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
(1) When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the street where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction.
(2) When approaching within one hundred feet (100') of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel, or when approaching within one hundred feet (100') of or traversing any intersection or railroad grade crossing.
(3) Where official signs are in place directing that traffic keep to the right, or a distinctive center line is marked, which distinctive line also directs traffic as declared in the sign manual adopted by the State Department of Public Works and Buildings.
(4) The limitations in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply upon a one-way roadway or upon a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two or more lanes of moving traffic in each direction, when such movement can be made in safety. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-22. Same--On Right. [back to top]
(A) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle which is making or about to make a left turn.
(B) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and, allowing sufficient clearance, pass another vehicle proceeding in the same direction either upon the left or upon the right of a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for four (4) or more lanes of moving traffic when such movement can be made in safety. No person shall drive off the pavement or upon the shoulder of the roadway in overtaking or passing on the right.
(C) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right upon a one-way street, or upon any roadway on which traffic is restricted to one direction of movement, where the roadway is free from obstructions and of sufficient width for two or more lanes of moving vehicles. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-23. Approaching, Overtaking and Passing School Bus. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle on a street or highway, upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus when there is in operation on the bus a visual signal as required by state law for operation while the bus is transporting pupils; provided, that the driver of a vehicle upon a street or highway on which the roadways for traffic moving in opposite directions are separated by a strip of ground which is not surfaced or suitable for vehicular traffic need not stop his vehicle upon meeting or passing a school bus which is on the opposite roadway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-24. Drag Racing. [back to top]
Any person who, as an operator of a motor vehicle, is a participant in drag racing shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. For the purposes of this Section, "drag racing" means the act of two or more individuals competing or racing on any street or highway in this Village in a situation in which one of the motor vehicles is beside or to the rear of a motor vehicle operated by a competing driver and the one driver attempts to prevent the competing driver from passing or overtaking him. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-25. Dimming Headlights. [back to top]
On approaching another vehicle proceeding in an opposite direction or on overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction, when a vehicle is within five hundred feet (500') or less of such other vehicle, any person in charge of a motorcycle or motor vehicle equipped with electric headlights shall dim or drop such headlights. The driver of any vehicle equipped with electric headlights, when there is another vehicle traveling in the same direction less than three hundred feet (300') to the front of him, shall dim or drop such headlights. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-26. Driving on Roadways Laned for Traffic. [back to top]
Whenever any roadway has been divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules, in addition to all others consistent with this Section, shall apply:
(A) A vehicle shall be driven, as nearly as practicable, entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.
(B) Upon a roadway which is divided into three (3) lanes, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance or in preparation for a left turn, or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation.
(C) Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specified lanes to traffic moving in the same direction. Drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign.
(D) Reversible lanes on streets and highways may be designated, for all times or only during certain specified periods of time, upon the erection of lane control signals or official signs to effect the allocated lane usage. Drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign and signal. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-27. One Way Roadways and Rotary Traffic Islands. [back to top]
(A) Village authorities may designate any highway or any separate roadway under their jurisdiction for one-way traffic and shall erect appropriate signs giving notice thereof.
(B) Upon a roadway designated and signposted for one-way traffic, a vehicle may be driven only in the direction designated.
(C) A vehicle passing a rotary traffic island shall be driven only to the right of such island. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-28. Following Too Closely. [back to top]
The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition of the street. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-29. Driving onto or from Controlled Access Roadways. [back to top]
No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access roadway, except at such entrances and exits as are established by the Mayor and Board of Trustees. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-30. Turning at Intersections. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle intending to turn at an intersection shall do as follows:
(A) Both the approach for a right turn and the right turn shall be made as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
(B) At any intersection where traffic is permitted to move in both directions on each roadway entering the intersection, an approach for a left turn shall be made in that portion of the right half of the roadway nearest the center line thereof and by passing to the right of such center line where it enters the intersection. After entering the intersection, the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection to the right of the center lines of the roadway being entered. Whenever practicable, the left turn shall be made in that portion of the intersection to the left of the center of the intersection.
(C) At any intersection where traffic is restricted to one direction on one or more of the roadways, the driver of a vehicle intending to turn left at any such intersection shall approach the intersection in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such vehicle, and after entering the intersection, the left turn shall be made so as to leave the intersection, as early as practicable, in the left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in such direction upon the roadway being entered.
(D) When markers, buttons or signs are placed within or adjacent to intersections requiring and directing that a different course from that specified in this Section be traveled, no driver of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at such intersection other than as directed and required by such markers, buttons or signs. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-31. Starting. [back to top]
No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing or parked, unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-32. Driving on Divided Roadways. [back to top]
Whenever any street has been divided into two roadways by leaving an intervening space or by a physical barrier or a clearly indicated dividing section so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic, every vehicle shall be driven only upon the right-hand roadway, and no vehicle shall be driven over, across or within any such dividing space, barrier or section, except through an opening in such physical barrier, dividing section or space, or at a crossover or intersection established by the Mayor and Board of Trustees. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-33. Stop or Turn Signals--When Required. [back to top]
(A) No person shall turn a vehicle from a direct course upon a street, unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety and then only after giving a clearly audible signal by sounding the horn if any pedestrian may be affected by such movement or after giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this article in the event any other vehicle may be affected by such movement.
(B) A signal of intention to turn right or left shall be given during not less than the last one hundred feet (100') traveled by the vehicle before turning.
(C) No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this article to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear, where there is opportunity to give such signal. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-34. Same--Methods of Giving Generally. [back to top]
(A) Any stop or turn signal when required in this article shall be given either by means of the hand or by a signal lamp or mechanical signal device, except as otherwise provided in Subsection (B) of this Section.
(B) Any motor vehicle in use on a street shall be equipped with, and the required signal shall be given by, a signal lamp or mechanical signal device when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left outside limit of the body, cab or load of such motor vehicle exceeds twenty-four inches (24"), or when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load thereof exceeds fourteen feet (14'). The latter measurement shall apply to any single vehicle and to any combination of vehicles. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-35. Same--Method of Giving Hand and Arm Signals. [back to top]
All signals required in this article to be given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner, and such signal shall indicate as follows:
(A) Left turn. Hand and arm extended horizontally.
(B) Right turn. Hand and arm extended upward.
(C) Stop or decrease of speed. Hand and arm extended downward.
Sec. 11-36. Right-of-way at Intersections--Generally. [back to top]
(A) The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle which has entered the intersection from a different street.
(B) When two (2) vehicles enter an intersection from different streets at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.
(C) The right-of-way rules declared in Paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section are modified at through streets and otherwise as hereinafter stated in this Chapter. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-37. Same--Vehicles Turning Left. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle within an intersection or into an alley, private road or driveway intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard, but such driver, having so yielded and having given a signal when and as required by this Chapter, may make such left turn. The drivers of all other vehicles approaching the intersection from the opposite direction shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle making the left turn. (Ord. No. 62-58)
Sec. 11-38. Same--Vehicles Entering through Streets, Stop Intersections or Stop Crosswalks. [back to top]
(A) The driver of a vehicle shall stop as required by Section 11-37 of this Code at the entrance to a through street and shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles which have entered the intersection from such through street or which are approaching so closely on such through street as to constitute an immediate hazard, but such driver having so yielded may proceed at such time as a safe interval occurs.
(B) The driver of a vehicle shall likewise stop in obedience to a stop sign, as required in Section 11-37 of this Code, at an intersection where a stop sign is erected at one or more entrances thereto, although not a part of a through street, and shall proceed cautiously, yielding to vehicles not so obliged to stop which are within the intersection or approaching so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard, but then may proceed.
(C) Where stop signs are in place at an intersection or at a plainly marked crosswalk between intersections, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk, and pedestrians within or entering the crosswalk at either edge of the roadway shall have the right-of-way over vehicles so stopped. Drivers of vehicles having so yielded the right-of-way to pedestrians entering or within the nearest crosswalk at an intersection shall also yield the right-of-way to pedestrians within any other crosswalk at the intersection. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-39. Same--Vehicles Entering Yield Intersections. [back to top]
The Village may, when traffic conditions warrant such action, give preference to traffic through any intersection on any highway and designate specified entrances to such intersections as yield right-of-way signs in lieu of stop signs.
(A) The driver of a vehicle, in obedience to a yield right-of-way sign, shall reduce the speed of his vehicle to not more than twenty (20) miles per hour and shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles which have entered the intersecting highway, either from the right or left, or which are approaching so closely on such intersecting highway as to constitute an immediate hazard. Such driver, having so yielded, may proceed at such time as a safe interval occurs.
(B) If the driver is involved in a collision at an intersection or interferes with the movement of other vehicles after driving past a yield right-of-way sign, such collision or interference shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the driver's failure to yield the right-of-way. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-40. Same-Vehicles Entering Street from Private Road or Driveway. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a street from a private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such street. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-41. Emerging from Alley, Driveway or Building. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, driveway or building shall stop such vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or into the sidewalk area extending across any alley or driveway, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian as may be necessary to avoid collision, upon entering the roadway, shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on such roadway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-42. Duty on Approach of Authorized Emergency Vehicle. [back to top]
(A) Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle, when the driver is giving an audible signal by siren, exhaust whistle or bell and a visual signal as provided by law, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to and as close as possible to the right-hand edge or curb of the street clear of any intersection, and shall stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.
(B) This Section shall not operate to relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the street. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-43. Obedience to Signal, etc., Indicating Approach of Train. [back to top]
(A) Whenever any person driving a vehicle approaches a railroad grade crossing and a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the immediate approach of a train, the driver of such vehicle shall stop within fifty feet (50'), but not less than fifteen feet (15'), from the nearest track of such railroad and shall not proceed until he can do so safely.
(B) The driver of a vehicle shall stop and remain standing within fifty feet (50'), but not less than fifteen feet (15') from the nearest track, and not traverse such a grade crossing when a crossing gate is lowered or when a flagman gives or continues to give a signal of the approach of passage of a train.
(C) The driver of a vehicle shall stop within fifty feet (50'), but not less than fifteen feet (15'), from the nearest track when a train is approaching so closely that an immediate hazard is created, and shall not proceed until he can do so safely. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-44. Certain Vehicles to Stop at All Railroad Grade Crossings; Exceptions. [back to top]
The driver of any motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire, or of any school bus carrying any school child, or of any vehicle carrying explosives, flammable liquids or radioactive materials as a cargo or part of a cargo, before crossing at grade any tracks of railroad, shall stop such vehicle within fifty feet (50'), but not less than fifteen feet (15'), from the nearest rail of such railroad, and while so stopped, shall listen and look in both directions along such track for any approaching train, except as provided in this Section, and shall not proceed until he can do so safely. No stop need be made at any such crossing where a police officer or a traffic control signal directs traffic to proceed. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-45. Stopping to Avoid Obstructing Traffic. [back to top]
No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle he is operating, without obstructing the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians, notwithstanding any traffic control signal permitting such driver to proceed. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-46. Backing. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle shall not back such vehicle, unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-47. U-turns. [back to top]
The driver of any vehicle shall not turn such vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction, upon any street in a business district or at any place where such turns are prohibited by law or ordinance, and shall not upon any other street, so turn a vehicle unless such movement can be made in safety and without interfering with other traffic. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-48. Coasting. [back to top]
(A) The driver of any motor vehicle, when traveling upon a down grade, shall not coast with the gears of such vehicle in neutral.
(B) The driver of a motor vehicle which is designed for carrying freight or for the carrying of more than several persons, when traveling upon a down grade, shall not coast with the clutch disengaged. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-49. Following Fire Apparatus. [back to top]
The driver of any vehicle, other than one on official business, shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred feet (500'), or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where the fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-50. Crossing Fire Hose. [back to top]
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a Fire Department, when laid down on any street or private driveway to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department official in command. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-51. Driving in Funeral or other Procession; Identification of Funeral Procession. [back to top]
(A) Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand edge of the roadway as practicable and follow the vehicle ahead as closely as is practicable.
(B) A funeral composed of a procession of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia and by having the light of each vehicle lighted. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-52. Driving Between Vehicles in Procession. [back to top]
No driver of a vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion and when such vehicles are conspicuously designated. This provision shall not apply at intersections where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or police officers. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-53. Driving on Sidewalk. [back to top]
The driver of a vehicle shall not drive within any sidewalk area, except at a permanent or temporary driveway. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-54. Motor Vehicle Access to the Village Green. [back to top]
It shall be unlawful for any person to access the area of the Village Green (as visually depicted in Ordinance No. O-17-49) in a licensed motor vehicle or to operate a licensed motor vehicle thereon without the express written permission of the Village Manager. (Ord. 17-49)
Sec. 11-55. Reckless Driving. [back to top]
(Repealed by Ordinance No. 08-14, passed 3/3/08)
Sec. 11-56. Vehicles Making Loud or Unnecessary Noises. [back to top]
(A) It shall be unlawful to operate a motor vehicle on the streets or highways within the corporate limits of the Village which makes an unusually loud or unnecessary noise, or to operate a vehicle in such manner as to cause the vehicle to make unusually loud or unnecessary noise. (Ord. 62-58)
(B) No driver of any motor vehicle shall operate or permit operation of any sound amplification system which can be heard outside the vehicle from seventy-five (75) or more feet when the vehicle is being operated upon any highway unless such system is being operated to request assistance or to warn of a hazardous situation. This Section does not apply to authorized emergency vehicles. (Ord. 00-10)
Sec. 11-57. Speed Restrictions--Generally. [back to top]
It shall be unlawful to drive any motor vehicle on any street within the Village at a speed in excess of thirty (30) miles per hour, or in an alley at a speed in excess of fifteen (15) miles per hour; provided, that if by ordinance other limits are set as provided by statute after an engineering or traffic survey, then such limits shall govern the rate of speed on the streets indicated in such ordinance. The Superintendent of Streets shall post appropriate signs showing such speed limits; and provided, that the speed of all vehicles, of the second division, as defined by statute, having two or more solid tires shall not exceed ten (10) miles per hour.
The fact that the speed of a vehicle does not exceed the applicable maximum speed limit does not relieve the driver from the duty to decrease speed when approaching and crossing an intersection, when approaching and going around a curve, when approaching a hill crest, when traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway or when special hazards exist with respect to pedestrians or other traffic by reason of weather or highway conditions; and speed shall be decreased as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person or vehicle on or entering the highway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care. It shall be unlawful to drive any vehicle on any street or highway within the Village at a speed exceeding that lawfully set for such street. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-58. Same--Certain Streets. [back to top]
The basic speed restrictions set forth in Section 11-57 are hereby modified as follows:
(A) A ten (10) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
On the right angle turn for the northbound motorist at the corner of Church and Natoma Avenue.
(B) A twenty (20) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
Street of thirty-six feet (36') or less between curb faces in R-1, R-2 and R-3 zones.
On northbound Chestnut near Oak Street Park.
(C) A twenty-five (25) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
Diversey Avenue, both sides, from LaLonde Avenue to Mill Road.
LaLonde Avenue, both sides, from Fullerton Avenue to Diversey Avenue.
Meadows Boulevard, both sides, for its entire extent.
(D) A thirty (30) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
Fullerton Avenue just west of Vista Avenue for eastbound traffic.
National Avenue, both sides, and Fairbank Street, both sides.
(E) A thirty-five (35) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
Streets of forty-four feet (42') or more between curb faces or road edges on primary streets.
If parallel parking is permitted, the effective road dimension will be reduced by the width of the parking lane.
(F) A forty (40) mile per hour speed limit is established on the following streets:
Fullerton Avenue, from Grace Street on the east to Route 53 on the west.
(R-70-11; R-70-23; Ord. No. 76-42.)
Sec. 11-59. Same--School Zones. [back to top]
No person shall drive a motor vehicle at a speed in excess of twenty (20) miles per hour while passing a school zone or while traveling upon any public thoroughfare on or across which children pass going to and from school, during school days when school children are present; provided, that appropriate signs have been posted upon the Village streets wherein the school zone is located. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-60. Same--Minimum Speed Regulation. [back to top]
(A) No person shall drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law.
(B) Police officers are hereby authorized to enforce this provision by directions to drivers, and in the event of apparent willful disobedience to this provision and refusal to comply with a direction of an officer in accordance herewith, the continued slow operation of such vehicle by a driver shall be a misdemeanor. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-61. One-Way Streets. [back to top]
It shall be the duty of every driver of a vehicle in the Village to obey all signs designating streets or portions of streets which shall be open, at all times or during certain specified hours, to traffic moving in one direction only, where such signs are placed in accordance with ordinances or resolutions of the Village Board.
Sec. 11-62. Truck Routes. [back to top]
The Village Board may, from time to time, by ordinance or resolution, designate certain streets or portions of streets as truck routes. A schedule of such truck routes shall be kept on file in the office of the Village Clerk.
When such truck routes have been established, no driver of a truck shall proceed except in accordance with instructions given on the signs denoting such truck route.
Sec. 11-63. Riding on Motorcycles. [back to top]
A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto. Such operator shall not carry any other person, nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle, unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two persons or upon another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator. (Ord. 62-58)
Sec. 11-64. Use of Motorcycles, Minibikes, Golf Carts, etc. [back to top]
No person shall operate any motorcycle, motorbike, motorized scooter, minibike, golfcart, snowmobile or other manufactured or hand built vehicle, propelled or drawn by power other than human muscular power, on the sidewalks of the Village. No person shall operate any motorbike, motorized scooter, minibike, golfcart, snowmobile or other manufactured or hand built vehicle, propelled or drawn by power other than human muscular power, on the streets of the Village. The foregoing prohibitions shall not apply to powered transport devices for the handicapped.
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