Chapter 6 Building Code

Article 5.  Life Safety.

Sec. 6-501.      Fire Lanes.  [back to top]

Sec. 6-501.1.   Fire Lanes Required:  Fire lanes shall be provided for all new buildings or structures when any portion of the exterior wall on the first story is located more than one hundred fifty (150) feet from the fire department access point or when the building height exceeds thirty (30) feet in height and any portion of the exterior wall on the first story is located more than fifty (50) feet from the fire department access point.

Sec. 6-501.2.  Size:  Fire lanes shall be at least twenty (20) feet in width and the road edge or width dimension closest to the building at least ten (10) feet from the building.

Sec. 6-501.3.   Split type lanes are permitted and shall be twenty (20) feet in width, with a center strip of no greater than three (3) feet in width.  The center strip shall be landscaped with grass or other plantings not exceeding twelve (12) inches in height.

Sec. 6-501.4.   All fire lanes shall be constructed with a base to withstand the weight of the heaviest piece of fire emergency equipment to be used.  The pavement for the fire lane shall be asphalt or concrete.

Sec. 6-502.      High Rise Buildings.  [back to top]

The provisions for High Rise Buildings shall apply to all buildings having floors used for human occupancy located more than 35 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Sec. 6-503.      Open Parking Structures.  [back to top]

Throughout all open parking structures greater than 2,500 square feet of gross floor area or more than one story above grade, an automatic fire suppression system shall be installed.

Sec. 6-504.      Public Garages.  [back to top]

Any multi-vehicle parking structures (except Single Family uses) having parking for two or more vehicles shall be defined as a public garage.  

All public garages shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system. 

1.         Where any fire area exceeds 2,500 square feet.
2.         Where the total area of all fire areas on all floors is more than 10,000 square feet.
3.         Where all fire areas are more than two (2) stories above grade; or
4.         Where located below other use groups.

For the purpose of this Section, a roof used for the parking or storage of motor vehicles shall not constitute a story. 

Sec. 6-505.      Stages.  [back to top]

Throughout all stages, enclosed platforms, and their appurtenances, an automatic fire suppression system shall be installed.

Sec. 6-506.      Deflagration Venting.  [back to top]

All deflagration venting panels shall be outlined with bright yellow paint, three (3) inches wide.  In addition, a warning sign stating, "DANGER - EXPLOSION RELIEF PANEL," shall be posted on the panel at intervals of one (1) sign for every ten (10) linear feet.  Letters on the sign shall be a minimum of four (4) inches in height and inch stroke width.  The sign is to be red in color with white letters.

Sec. 6-507.      Aboveground Liquefied Petroleum Gases.  [back to top]

Aboveground liquefied petroleum gases:  Fixed stationary installations on the exterior, utilizing storage containers in excess of 1,000 gallons water capacity, are not allowed.  Containers of 1,000 gallons or less water capacity shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, 2008 Edition.

Within the limits established by law restricting the storage of liquefied petroleum gas for the protection of heavily populated or congested areas, the aggregate capacity of any one installation shall not exceed a water capacity of 1,000 gallons. Containers of 1,000 gallons or less water capacity shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, 2008 Edition.

Exception:  In particular installations, this capacity limit shall be determined by the Fire Code Official, after consideration of special features such as topographical conditions, nature of occupancy, and proximity to buildings, capacity of proposed containers, degree of fire protection to be provided and capabilities of the local fire department.

Sec. 6-508.      Aboveground Flammable/Combustible Liquid Storage Tanks.  [back to top]

Aboveground flammable/combustible liquid storage tanks may be allowed when all issues are in compliance with the applicable EPA and OSFM standards and the following:

1.                 Variances will only be considered for Class II and III Liquids as defined by NFPA 30. 

2.                  Aboveground storage tanks shall be of the concrete vaulted type tank and shall be rated as tested, in accordance with U.L. 2085 and shall meet the requirements of NFPA 30. 

3.                  The maximum size of any 2-hour rated tank shall be 1000 gallons. 4-hour rated tanks shall be limited to 2000 gallons.  No more than 2 tanks shall be permitted per site. 

4.                 Aboveground storage tanks, including dispensing systems shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any building and 100 feet from any property line.  These distances may be reduced 50% for 4-hour rated tanks.     

5.                  Bollard posts, for the protection of the tank, shall be located and installed as per Addison Fire Protection #1 Form FPB 561. 

6.                 All electric for the tanks and associated equipment shall be installed in accordance with the National Electric Code (NFPA 70) 2008 edition.

7.                 Aboveground tanks shall be labeled in accordance with the NFPA 704M and DOT Identification Systems on all four sides.

8.        All local building and State codes shall be complied with and permits obtained from all governing agencies.

Sec. 6-509.      Type 5 Construction - Fire Suppression.  [back to top]

Where any use group is constructed with Type 5 construction, regardless of area, size or fire resistive wood rating, it shall have an approved fire suppression system installed for the entire building. 

Sec. 6-510.      Fire Suppression.  [back to top]

Sec. 6-510.1.  Regardless of the group, any building or structure greater than 2,500 square feet of gross floor area shall be protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with N.F.P.A. 13. 

Exceptions:    1. Group A-1:  Regardless of size shall have a fire sprinkler system.

                       2. One and two family and single family R-3 shall be protected in accordance with the 2012 International Residential Code and N.F.P.A. 13 D.

                       3. Groups B and S with gross floor areas under 2,500 square feet but more than one story above grade shall have sprinkler protection. 

Sec. 6-510.2.   Regardless of the use group a fire detection system shall be required for any building that does not require automatic sprinkler protection. 

Exception 1.  Group U. 

Exception 2.  Unless required in conjunction with sprinklers in accordance with the International Building Code or International Fire Code 2012 editions. 

Sec. 6-510.3. Group A: A manual fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system shall be installed in all Group A occupancies. Potions of Group E occupancies for assembly purposes shall be provided with a fire alarm system as required for Group E occupancies. 

Sec. 6-510.4.   Group B and M:  Manual fire alarm system shall be installed in all Group B or M occupancies where any of the following conditions exists: 

1.                  Building is three or more stories in height.

2.                  The occupancy is subject to 50 or more occupants above or below the level of exit discharge.

3.                  The occupancy is subject to 300 or more total occupants. 

Sec. 6-510.5.   Group F:  A manual fire alarm system that shall be installed in all Group F buildings where the Group F occupancy is: 

1.                  Two or more stories in height.

2.                  The occupant load is greater than 100.

3.                  25 or more occupants are above or below the level of exit discharge. 

Sec. 6-510.6.   Group S:  A manual fire alarm system that shall be required in all Group S buildings except: 

1.                  Fully sprinklered Group S (except self-storage facilities 2 or more stories in height).

2.                  Low hazard storage occupancy.

3.                  Ordinary or high hazard storage less than 50,000 square feet gross floor area. 

Sec. 6-510.7.   Fire Protection Signaling Systems:  All required fire suppression, fire detection, and fire alarm system shall be directly connected to the designated dispatch center of Addison Fire Protection District #1. This connection shall be made by wireless radio.  Any existing system not connected by wireless radio shall be required to become wireless radio by January 1, 2015. 

Sec. 6-510.8.   Fire Alarm Panels/Radio Transmitters Batteries.  All fire alarm panels and wireless radios shall be required to provide a 60-hour battery back up. 

Sec. 6-510.9.  Existing Buildings. 

All buildings, except one and two family dwellings and single family (R-3) existing on the effective date of this Code shall be provided with an automatic fire suppression system and/or detection system if such systems would be required if the building were new and 

1.                  Repairs or remodeling in excess of fifty percent of the physical value of the building/structure is performed during any continuous 30 month period, or

2.                  Repairs or remodeling (not maintenance related) exceeds fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) in value (repairs shall include only major structural repairs), or

3.                  The use group of the building occupancy is changed, or

4.                  Where an addition to an existing building is five hundred (500) or more square feet in fire area.

Exception:  The first addition of less than five hundred (500) square feet is allowed.  The second addition of less than five hundred (500) square feet that has a total aggregate of five hundred (500) square feet or more in fire area shall have a fire suppression system based on new construction for the entire building/structure.

Sec. 6-510.10.  All buildings with a fire sprinkler system shall be required to provide a white strobe or horn strobe above the fire department connection. This strobe shall be activated on water flow alarm only. 

Sec. 6-510.11. Group H and R2:  A fire protection signaling system shall be installed in all building of Use Group H and Use Group R2.

Exception:  In Group R2 where the dwelling unit or sleeping unit has an exit directly to a public way or court and are no more than 2 stories in height. 

Sec. 6-510.12.  Throughout all buildings of Group I-2, I-3 and R-4, required to be equipped with an automatic fire suppression system, an automatic fire detection system shall also be installed.

Sec. 6-511.      Water Control Valves.  [back to top]

For all fire suppression systems, all water control valves shall be located no less than two (2) feet nor more than five (5) feet above finished floor.  The location of the control valves is subject to the approval of the Fire Protection District.

Sec. 6-512.      Standpipes.   [back to top]

Standpipes shall be provided in all buildings of all Use Groups regardless of the automatic fire suppression system, where the building is more than 200 feet of travel, vertically or horizontally, to the nearest point of a Fire Department vehicle access, or where the building is greater than 2 stories above or below grade.

Sec 6-512.1.  The piping design of the standpipe system shall provide for a residual pressure of 65 p.s.i. at the top most floor outlet while flowing water at all other outlets from that riser. 

Sec 6-512.2.  Standpipe valves shall be located at the floor landing and shall be accessible from both the stairwell and the hallway.

Sec. 6-513.      Groups A, E, F, H, M, R-3, R-4 and U - Riser Pipe Sizes. [back to top]

Groups, other than B, I, R-1, R-2 and R-4, which are equipped with an automatic fire suppression system, shall have the riser size based on hydraulic calculations with a minimum flow of 500 g.p.m.

Sec. 6-514.      Fire Department Connections.  [back to top]

Color:  All new fire department connections shall be painted bright red and maintained in this condition.  Exception:  Chrome plated or highly polished brass connections.

Sec. 6-514.1.  Fire department connections shall be accessible to fire apparatus and shall not be located more than 150 feet from any fire hydrant. 

Sec. 6-514.2.  Fire department connections shall be sized to match the GPM requirements of the system.

Sec. 6-515.      Strobe and Bells.  [back to top]

Strobe/Bell:  All new fire department connections shall have a white strobe light and audible horn/bell located above the fire department connection.  The strobe light and horn/bell shall operate upon activation of the flow alarm.  The type and location of strobe light and horn/bell shall be approved by the Fire Protection District.

Sec. 6-516.      Fire Alarm Zones.  [back to top]

Fire alarm zones shall not exceed 10,000 square feet.

Sec. 6-517.      Fire Protection Signaling.  [back to top]

Fire Protective Signaling Systems: All required systems shall be supervised by the Fire Protection District monitoring station, located at the designated dispatch center of the Fire Protection District.  In addition to the remote station supervision, local alarm requirements shall be in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in Appendix A.  It is the responsibility of the building owner to maintain the alarm system and supervision during the life of the building.  A certificate of occupancy  shall not be issued and no movement of supplies and/or equipment shall be permitted until the fire alarm system is fully functional and supervised.

Sec. 6-518.      Security Key Box.  [back to top]

All buildings having automatic signaling devices or buildings that provide security to public access areas shall have at least one security key box installed at a height not to exceed six (6) feet above grade. The number and location of key boxes shall be designated by the Addison Fire Protection District. Security key boxes shall contain the following: 

(1)        Keys to all locked points of ingress, whether on the interior or exterior of the building.

(2)        Keys to locked mechanical rooms.

(3)        Keys to locked electrical rooms.

(4)        Keys to elevator controls and equipment rooms.

(5)        Keys to fire alarm control panels, pull stations and annunciators.

(6)        Material safety data sheets for buildings with hazardous materials.

(7)        Keys or other documents as required by the Fire Protection District.

Sec. 6-519.      Non Habitable Penthouses.  [back to top]

Nonhabitable penthouse shall be considered a part of the next lower story, and the enclosure shall conform to the requirements for exterior walls of the building type as regulated by Table 601 and Article 15 of the International Building Code, except as modified herein.

Sec. 6-520.      Other Enclosed Roof Structures.  [back to top]

Enclosed roof structures and habitable penthouses shall be considered a story of the building and shall conform to the requirements for the building type as regulated by Table 601 and Article 15 of the International Building Code.

Sec. 6-521.      Exit Signs. [back to top]

In addition to the standard exit sign (when required), all required exits shall have a floor-level exit sign. The bottom of the sign shall not be less than 10 inches nor more than 12 inches above the floor level. The sign shall be flush mounted to the wall; the edge of the sign shall be within 4 inches of the door frame on the latch side.

Sec. 6-522.      Luminous Egress Path Markings. [back to top]

In addition to the required luminous egress path markings, all use groups of A, B, E, I, M, R1 more than one story above or below grade shall have luminous markings of the stairs, handrails and exit access areas. 

Sec. 6-523.      Bulk Liquid CO2. [back to top]

Sec. 6-523.1.  Regardless of location, all bulk liquid CO2 tanks shall require an operational permit.

Sec. 6-523.2.   Regardless of location, all buildings with interior bulk liquid CO2 tanks shall provide the NFPA 704 symbol on the front side (street side) of the building and at the door to the area where the bulk liquid CO2 tank is located.

Sec. 6-523.3.   All bulk liquid CO2 tanks shall be provided with leak detection alarms.

Sec. 6-524.      Carbon Monoxide Alarms. [back to top]

Carbon monoxide alarms shall be located in all office areas of Group B, F and M where fueling burning equipment (including  propane forklifts)  is used. The number and location of each device will be based on the layout and size of the office area as determined by the Addison Fire Protection District. 

Sec. 6-525.      Fire Protection Maintenance. [back to top]

All inspections and maintenance reports shall be forwarded to the Addison Fire Protection District using (IROL). Any company doing inspections and maintenance to a fire protection system shall register with IROL. Fire protection systems shall include but not be limited to sprinkler systems, fire pumps, fire alarms, hood and duct systems, CO2 monitoring systems, emergency and exit lighting and fire extinguishers.

Article 6.  Elevators.

Sec. 6-601.      Access.  [back to top]

A permanent safe, convenient means of access into the elevator machine room and overhead machinery spaces shall be provided for elevator maintenance personnel only. The elevator machine room shall not be used for a through passage to or from any other spaces, including the roof, the electrical maintenance areas or similar spaces. 

Sec. 6-602.      Shut-off Valves.  [back to top]

Shut-off valves with a tamper proof electrical switch back to a fire alarm panel shall be provided for each branch line for machine room and shaft, in an accessible location outside of these areas.

Sec. 6-603.      Driving Machines.  [back to top]

References to signaling machines shall also apply to driving machines. 

Sec. 6-604.      Access Switches.  [back to top]

Access switches shall be installed only at the access landings, the top floor and the bottom floor.  An access switch may only be operable after a transfer switch located on the face of the car operating panel is turned on by a cylinder type lock/key switch.  The lock shall not be operable by any other key used for the elevator or the building.  The lock/key switch is to be identified by the markings "Off/Inspection."

Sec. 6-605.      Standby Power.  [back to top]

Passenger and freight elevators shall be provided with a standby emergency lighting power source on each elevator.

Sec. 6-606.      Safety Switches.  [back to top]

There shall be an electrical safety switch on the car's top exit panel and on the side emergency exit door.

Sec. 6-607.      Smoke Detectors.  [back to top]

Smoke detectors shall be installed in each elevator lobby, the front and rear at each floor, in the machine room and the shaft, in accordance with NFPA No. 72E, Chapter 4.  The activation of a smoke detector in any elevator lobby, machine room or shaft other than at the designated level shall cause all cars, in all groups that serve that particular lobby to return non-stop to the designated level.  The designated level detector will send the elevator to the designated alternate floor level.  

Sec. 6-608.      Shut-off Valve.  [back to top]

The shut-off valve shall be located in the machine room and will be equipped with a permanent handle, which will be attached to the valve for shut off purposes.

Sec. 6-609.      Emergency Lighting.  [back to top]

Emergency lighting will be provided as per Sec. 204.7A of ASME A17.1.

Sec. 6-610.      Emergency Signaling Devices.   [back to top]

Emergency signaling devices will be provided as per Sec. 211.1A.3 of ASME A17.1. 

Sec. 6-611.      Auxiliary Equipment.  [back to top]

All elevators shall be equipped with a telephone to a twenty-four (24) hour source and equipped with a voice message, an emergency light and an alarm. 

Sec. 6-612.      Fire Service.  [back to top]

Each elevator will be provided with a Phase I and Phase II fire service with a smoke recall sensor.  Where machine rooms or shafts are sprinklered, a shut trip device controlled by a heat sensor shall be installed. 

Sec. 6-613.      Posting of Certificate of Compliance.  [back to top]

The owner or lessee shall post the last issued Certificate of Compliance in a conspicuous place within the elevator cab.

Sec. 6-614.      Hoistway Doors.  [back to top]

Door openings of elevator hoistway enclosure shall be equipped with protective assemblies having a fire resistance rating of not less than a two (2) hour, "B" Label, metal door that is self closing and self locking.

Sec. 6-615.      Pit Access.  [back to top]

Means of access for authorized personnel shall be provided to all pits.  Access means a permanent metal ladder securely fastened to side wall of elevator shaft on lock side of door.  Ladder to extend a minimum of forty-two (42) inches above hatch door sill.  Access doors to be provided and to be self-closing and locking.  Lock to be openable only from inside of pit.

Sec. 6-616.      Drains and Sumps.  [back to top]

Drains connected directly to sewers shall not be provided in pits.  Sumps with pumps to be provided and to have a metal cover over the sump hole.

Sec. 6-617.      Pit Lighting.  [back to top]

Permanent pit lighting to be provided with the switch for the pit light to be located up thirty-six (36) inches above hatch door sill, lock side of the door.

Sec. 6-618.      Pit Stop Switch.  [back to top]

A pit stop switch shall be mounted within eighteen (18) inches above the hatch door sill, next to the pit access ladder lock side of the door.  If the pit is deeper than six feet six inches (6'6), an additional switch shall be placed at the bottom of the access ladder forty-eight (48) inches above the pit floor.  Operation of the switch shall stop the elevator in either direction.  Switch to be red in color and marked "on" and "off."

Sec. 6-619.      Emergency Exits [back to top]

Cars shall be provided with a car top emergency exit.  All top exits shall be equipped with electric contacts to prevent the movement of the car if the exit door is not closed. 

Sec. 6-620.      Car Illumination. [back to top]

Top of car light fixture shall be provided with a non key operated switch. Car lighting to be provided with an emergency battery back up light system with a minimum of two (2) lamps of equal wattage.  Lights to automatically turn on in all passenger and freight elevators within ten (10) seconds after normal lighting power fails.  Light fixture is to be located above car station and below false ceiling, if provided.

Sec. 6-621.      Car Emergency Signaling Device.  [back to top]

Emergency back up.  If the audible signaling device or means of two (2) way conversation or both are normally connected to the building power supply, they shall automatically transfer to a source of emergency battery power within ten (10) seconds after the normal power supply fails. The power supply shall be capable of providing for the operation of the audible signaling device for at least one (1) hour and the means of two (2) way conversation for at least four (4) hours.

Sec. 6-622.      Car Size.  [back to top]

All elevator cars rated for three thousand five hundred (3,500) pounds or more shall have a minimum interior car size of eighty (80) inches wide and fifty-four (54) inches deep.

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